Symbolism in “The Cat in the Hat”

CatInTheHatRecently my daughter pulled together a pile of books to give to Goodwill. Among them was The Cat in the Hat. It is such a classic book and I have read it countless times to my children over the years, I just couldn’t part with it. I surreptitiously removed it from the pile and slipped it onto my bookshelf.

Back when I was in college, I had taken an honors-level seminar and one of the books we studied was The Cat in the Hat. That section of the course was fascinating and made me look at this book from a completely different perspective. Even now, reading it again, I discovered more symbolism that I had never seen before. I decided to point out some of them so that the next time you read this book (and you will read it again) you will be aware of the symbolism in this story.

Let’s start with an easy one first: the mom. Have you ever noticed that there is no father anywhere in this book? It is very clearly a single mom raising two children. If you look on pages 42 and 43, you will see the mother’s bedroom, with a twin bed and one pillow. So the first thing to think about when reading this tale is whether the mom is divorced or has chosen to have children out of wedlock. Now, this may not seem like a big deal in today’s society, but consider the fact that this book was published in 1957 and society was much different back then.

Now let’s talk about the Fish. After the Cat, the Fish is the next most prominent character in the book. For me, the Fish is an obvious Christ symbol, not only from an icon perspective but also based upon what the Fish says. The Fish is the voice of morality in the story, cautioning the children about letting the Cat in and about the dangers of participating in the antics. The Fish is constantly warning about the repercussions.

Still not convinced about the Fish? Let’s look a little closer. On page 14, the Cat performs his first trick, balancing the Fish, a cup, and a book. We have a sort of trinity here: the Fish being Christ, the cup representing the Grail, and the book as the Bible. I sincerely doubt that these were random choices on the part of the author.

OK, now let’s look at the Cat. The Cat is a manifestation of the trickster archetype. The trickster has been found in literature throughout the ages, whether Anansi, Puck, or Satan. The Cat is just another interpretation of this archetype, and like most tricksters, the Cat also experiences the proverbial fall. This is shown on pages 18 through 21. The Cat is boastful and full of pride, showing off his tricks and what he can do. Pride and hubris almost always precede a fall, and the Cat immediately falls and everything crashes around him.

Then there is the question of the box. When the Cat opens the box, Thing 1 and Thing 2 emerge and proceed to wreak havoc in the home. I cannot help but connect the box with the myth of Pandora. There is a message here that certain boxes are best left closed.

Maybe you are thinking that I have read too much into this book. I don’t think so. Myths and archetypes are eternal and that is why they continue to recur in art and literature. Just because a book is a “children’s book” does not exclude it from being an expression of these symbols. In fact, one might say that young minds are better able to grasp this type of symbolism.

So that is that, regarding the Cat in the Hat.



Filed under Literature

21 responses to “Symbolism in “The Cat in the Hat”

  1. Interesting analysis and very well written!

  2. Thanks for keeping the reblog button available!

  3. I think you are right on about the symbolism. I too have read the book many times but never looked at it in those terms, only knew that the story is deeper and more complex than it would first appear–and no doubt, that is why. Thank you! I’ll never read this the same way again.

    • I think most children’s stories are very symbolic. I believe that children are much more in tune with their subconscious and hence connect with the symbolic much easier than adults. It comes natural to kids, I think.

      Have a wonderful evening.


  4. Wow will never look at The Cat in the Hat the same way again.

  5. John

    What about Thing 1 and Thing 2 are Gog and Magog, being freed by satan?

  6. I do so like, Like LIKE this post!

  7. Wow, I’d never thought of The Cat in the Hat as being so deliberately symbolic. I think your points are valid, and it proves the point that the simplest of stories are not really that simple. Very interesting!

  8. This is a new twist on an old story, and so edifying!

  9. Kerri

    I like your symbolism of Cat in the Hat. Several years ago “Horton Hears a who” another Doctor Suess book and became a movie not that long ago. Also very symbolic . It was about the voice of a child , a person in the womb. With no voice in abortion. Check it out.
    Sometimes our Great God gives us visions in our mind and this morning he was showing me a cat in the hat, it was silly to me but googled it and finally came upon your commententary. Thank you,

  10. reader

    I found your page on Google after reading Cat in the Hat to my kid because I wanted to know if I was the only one who thought he was a demon! Glad to know I’m not alone, haha